Thursday, February 9, 2017

Wheat Rust on the Attack

Over the past year we have seen the spread of old and new wheat rust strains around the world. The linked article below shares information on the area of impact, ramifications, and much more in regards to wheat rust. We encourage you to read the linked article and then utilize the discussion points below to spark conversation around the globe!

Spread of Damaging Wheat Rust Continues 

Discussion Points

  • Explain the recent trend of wheat rust around the globe.
    • What parts of the world/countries are being impacted?
    • Why is this so troubling?
  • Why is it so important that we have global collaboration in battling wheat rust (or any challenge facing agriculture for that matter)?
  • The article explains the direct impact that wheat rust is having in Asia, Europe, and Africa. What other impacts is or could wheat rust have on global wheat prices and production? How is or could this affect wheat prices and production in your home country?
  • Brainstorm ways to control and/or stop the damage being done by wheat rust. Reflect on the resources needed and challenges facing your thoughts and how to meet these respective needed resources and challenges.

32 comments:

BD said...

When they are comparing the rust samples between all the countries that have this problem, what similarities and differences are they finding? By comparing the rust problem between all the countries there may be a solution found that works for all countries involved.

brent said...

Poor regions around the world are being impacted.
Developing countries can't afford to fight it.

Karen Grother said...

We need global collaboration on wheat rust (or any other agricultural problem) because the disease is spreading throughout the world. It has moved from one country to the next, new strains coming forth with every effort to demolish it. If more countries work together to get rid of this fungi, the more chance the world will have of ridding itself of the issue. The wheat rust could be so dangerous to the crops that prices would sky rocket making the production of wheat a difficult industry and the expense for wheat would be so great many people would want to stop buying wheat products. This could damage many businesses, such as bread brands, bakeries, and other shops that sell wheat products or use wheat to make their product. I believe that if wheat products were stopped in all countries for a time not determined, the fungi will have nothing to keep it sustained and will therefor die off. When the fungi is gone, wheat production can continue. Other ways could be testing the fungi in labs to determine what part of the DNA makes it damage crops and make a formula or pesticide that could hinder its ability to damage the wheat.

Safrancis said...

It is important that we have global collaboration in battling wheat rust, or any agricultural issues that arise because then we have people all around the world searching for ways to stop this, which leads to a higher chance of it soon being prevented. Even though the wheat rust is directly impacting Asia, Europe, and Africa, once their wheat is corrupted any buyer of the products will then be at a shortage. Prices will likely rise due to less supply and more demand.

nick said...

why is not a issue in the united states? and what natural factors allow for the rust to happen in Europe and not around the rest of the world ?

BV said...

why is the trend of wheat rust around the globe so troubling? Wheat rust around the world is so troubling because the disease is traveling all over countries and is moving from one country to the next.

unknown said...

We need to prevent wheat rust because wheat is a essential food resource and a shortage will make prices high due to less supply

Mason Rstom said...

It is important that everyone around the globe come together with combating the wheat rust, and any other agricultural problems because if we all come together to end a rising problem so that it doesn't escalate into a global problem.

paadams said...

Wheat Rust is happening all around the globe such as, Europe, Africa and Asia. This is troubling because in or near most of those areas are struggling/developing areas and countries. So when they get hit with such a big agricultural problem like this when wheat is their main source of food it becomes a problem for those countries, also affecting their yield. Especially if there is no solution to fixing this problem yet as of now except watching your field regularly. If the wheat rust ends up spreading as it already is it could end being a huge problem as it already is.

unknown said...

We need to prevent wheat rust because wheat is good for the economy and if there is a short in wheat the price will go up

Brandon K said...

The Mediterranean area is more effected to the rust, Its troubling because the wheat rust can destroy all of the crops if left untreated.

IG said...

The Mediterranean was affected the most by TTTTF which is a new race of stem rust.

Chad smith99 said...

Wheat rust is not a good thing and needs to be stopped and gotten rid of.

cory gustafson said...

It is important for us to take care of our wheat and prevent it from wheat rust because wheat is important in agriculture and we need to come together to find a cure to it.

Josh Swenson said...

Wheat rust needs to be exterminated as fast as possible before it can destroy the entire food source.

MH said...

Rust prevention in agriculture is important because wheat is a huge resource for the food industry. If the wheat supply starts to drop, the prices will rise and we will all have to pay more for things like bread and pasta.

G.C said...

International collaboration to fight wheat rust is so important because the well being of developing and undeveloped countries depend on it. Wheat is a prominent crop in all countries that the world depends on for food. Wheat rust is destroying the crop and continuing to spread. If the wheat rust epidemic was to spread to the United States it would cause a big loss of money and production to the U.S. To say that it would take away Americans ability to have a sustainable amount of food would not be correct. On the other hand wheat rust could be detrimental to developing countries that depend on their wheat crop to feed their families and towns. Developing and Undeveloped countries already are insecure with their food and this is where most of our worlds hungry is found. Although wheat rust is not an important issue in developed countries like China and America, it would still be safe for them to conduct studies on wheat rust. Helping undeveloped and developed countries with epidemics like wheat rust will increase the amount of food they have and grow which will then help in the steps of the world feeding 9 billion in 2050.

M.P. said...

Wheat rust is occurring more and more, showing up in new countries. It is making most advances in Europe, Africa and Asia. Wheat production is a source of food for 1 billion people in Africa and Asia but wheat rust disease puts them at risk, and they produce 37% of global wheat production. This puts many lives in danger because there is a demand for this grain product because of its many purposes. It is important for global collaboration on any agriculture related topic because agriculture affects everyone. With diseases spreading around countries, it threatens the lives of others due to them not making enough food to survive. This affects people all around the world because produce is in demand and countries don't have the ability to grow every crop their population desires. Wheat rust can affect global production by making prices rise due to the demand increasing but the supply decreasing. Because underdeveloped countries are at the most risk, due to the disease already hitting them, it would make a great impact if developed countries helped by researching how to treat crops before and after they are infected.

R.S. said...

Wheat rust is a family of fungal diseases that can affect crops with losses of up to 100 percent in untreated susceptible wheat. Wheat rusts spread rapidly over long distances by wind. If not detected and treated on time, they can turn a healthy looking crop, only weeks away from harvest, into a tangle of yellow leaves, black stems and shriveled grains. The wheat rust is currently making further advances in Europe, Africa and Asia, according to new studies by scientists in collaboration with FAO. Reports are showing that new races of both yellow rust and stem rust in various places around the world, at the same time well-known existing rust races have spread to new countries. There is a need for early detection as well as action to limit the damage happening to wheat production. The rust is causing a major problem In developing countries that are dependent on the wheat production, with over 1 billion people in these countries relying on the wheat not only for food but also to make money off the production. It is important that there is global collaboration in battling wheat rust because countries like Northern and Eastern Africa, the Near East, and West, Central and South Asia make up about 37 percent of the world's wheat production. Although wheat rust may not be directly affecting some countries, it will though affect their wheat supply. Also it is important to collaborate globally because as researchers are trying to battle one type of wheat rust, new aggressive rust races are beginning to emerge at the same time. Working together will help stop these diseases and can protect farmers and those in neighboring countries.

M.E.T said...

Recent trends show the increase of this aggressive wheat rust occurring in Northern and Eastern Africa, Central and South Asia, and Europe. This is troubling because it is wiping out these countries economy as well as their food supply, especially in India, which is the lead producer in wheat. Not only does it diminish their profit, it hurts other countries that import the commodity, especially since wheat is used in so many food products. As the article stated, wheat is a source of food and livelihoods for over a billion people in developing countries, without this crop these counties lose a valuable food source and trading commodity which is their means of making money and improving their country. Along with wheat rust, which already has the capacity to demolish entire wheat crops, 2016 reports have revealed new fungal diseases of both yellow rust and stem rust in various regions of the world. This is so troubling since wheat rusts are know to spread rapidly over long distances by wind. If not detected and treated in time, they can turn a healthy looking crop, only weeks away from harvest, into nothing but a useless crop. If this fungus were to wipe out most of the world's supply of wheat, limiting our access, the price would increase substantially since there is a high demand but little supply. If wheat rust keeps occurring in other countries, farmers will find a new crop to grow so they don’t waste their time and money on a worthless crop, and begin importing from the U.S, which hasn’t experienced this fungus. Since the United States grows wheat, we will export what we have at a greater price, benefiting our economy, but hurting the economy of the country that we export to. In doing so, there will be a decreased supply in the U.S, potentially raising prices for the wheat products that we buy in store.

Reagan Orzech said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Unknown said...

Wheat rust is making its way around the world, and it is reeking havoc on the crop. Currently, wheat rust is the most prevalent in parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. What makes this wheat rust epidemic so troubling is the fact that the areas that it is affecting the most helps account for 37% of the world's wheat production. If the wheat rust continues to spread, it will take a toll on the production and availability of wheat. It is important that we start demonstrating global collaboration and that we help one another fight this strain because it can save our wheat crops from going to waste. Also, as mentioned in the article, there are tons of different varieties of wheat rust that is beginning to appear. With global collaboration antidotes for this nasty fungi can be created, distributed, and then used all around the world. I believe the best way to go about fighting wheat rust would be to make a pesticide that could kill it. Considering that this strain is found in many underdeveloped and developing countries, I think that this is the most logical way to go about it. It would be easy to teach everyone how and when to apply it, and it would also be effective in ceasing the growth of the wheat rust as well.
J.P. Somonauk

Reagan Orzech said...

Globally speaking, wheat is the second most widely produced crop with its major producers being the United States, India, China, and the Russian Federation. It is a staple food item that can be found in our breads, pasta, cookies, cereals, and in beer. Unfortunately, however, as discussed in the article, existing and new wheat rust strands, like yellow rust and stem rust, are destroying crop productions in areas like Europe, Africa, and Asia. This is a major conflict as wheat, aside from making many industries money, also provides 20% of the protein for more than half of the world’s population. Being a contributor for good health and energy, it is essential we begin a global collaboration on this problem before it begins to spread and sets back more developed and specifically developing nations. Areas who are in the process of growing rely heavily on crops like wheat for potential income and a major part of their diet as they are more wheat-based over meats. If this rust causes a lack of supply, not only will underdeveloped nations be unable to afford the higher prices caused by supply and demand, but they also will not have enough to support their fast growing populations. Therefore, because of the consequences and projected nine billion people in 2050, it is essential we put an end to this destroying rust and help produce the growing needs for wheat. In order to stop this airborne disease, however, we need to develop a more efficient method of communication and show people the positives of GMO’s. Starting with spreading the message, a possible idea is to create an app or website where farmers all over the globe can place their location, discuss their wheat crops, and send out a warning if they were hit by the rust. This could potentially allow individuals to be better prepared before the disease strikes and can ask other experts to help or teach them new methods. The challenge with this is the fact that many of the nations that need this technology have no access or do not want to change their ways. This is similar with the concept of creating a new wheat that is more resistant to this rust. While many may agree this is the best solution, many of these nations are scared to change due to potential dangers of the food supply and the fact that if the new wheat is no longer natural.

My question: In what ways has the consumption of wheat or wheat flour affected specifically pregnant women and their children?

unknown said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
unknown said...

The parts of the world that are being impacted are Africa, Central Asia, and Europe. This is so troubling because alone these countries account for thirty seven percent of the global production of wheat. So when this is effected then the market begins to crash and the consumers demand is not met. It is so important that we have global collaboration in battling wheat rust and any other possible impact on agriculture because programs that are provided to countries that are eager to advance their farming practices are given the chance to develop.These programs help countries act swiftly to control outbreaks before they turn into epidemics and cause major damage to food security. But further research, particularly into breeding resistant varieties, and national response plans need to be backed by adequate resources. So when working together and researching the outbreaks that cause impact can be solved quickly and more efficiently. Besides the wheat rust, what are some other examples that a program was implemented and was successful? Also, are there hybrids being developed that are completely resistant to the rust disease yet? Somonauk ST

Chism said...

What is the main cause of this wheat rust? Will it make wheat go instinct? Will it hurt us if we eat the wheat rust on accident? Are there any wheat seeds that are resistant to the rust? If we import wheat seeds from the parts that affected by the rust could it make our fields get sick? Does it affect any other crops than wheat? Like if it gets blown into a corn field will it kill the corn? Where does the rust even come from? Somonauk EC

unknown said...

Wheat is a main food source of developing countries. The recent trend of this problem has been a virus knocking out wheat in Europe, Africa, and Asia. This is so troubling because a main source of living for the people in these countries is being completely destroyed because of something that travels by wind which can not be controlled. These are the main places rust is found,but I believe I have seen it in the US; can it affect us as much as other countries? Since this is a developed country there is not a large impact, but are the US and other countries affected by this? People around the world can make an impact by helping other countries dealing with agricultural problems because problems can be solved quicker and more people can help to fix issues around the world. Many countries rely completely on agriculture and if large parts of that are wiped out then those countries have lost what they need to survive and that can be helped. In the article, it says that a new race of rust has affected Italy which further proves the point on why it is important to collaborate. Multiple counties have foundations that can help other countries during an agricultural crisis like this one and they can save lives. This problem affects wheat prices because there is less of it, raising the price of it in markets and it is more expensive for farmers to grow because if it is destroyed by the rust it as to be replanted which costs a large amount of time, money spent, and money earned from the crop. This could affect prices and production in the US because wheat is an import and export which is good because it can be sent to other countries that have none because of rust in return for something we need and it is bad because the rust makes it so it is more expensive to get and there is less of it. My final questions about this are: Is there any sort of technology that can fix this problem? Could this problem affect these countries for many more years? and Is the rust affecting these countries more or less than it did in the past? -E.D. Somonauk

McKenna said...

I would have never known about wheat rusk if it wasn’t for this article. Wheat rust seems like a major issue, especially since a high population of world consumes it. Many of the areas where wheat rust is notably seen are those in underdeveloped and developing countries that produce it. These countries are far beyond the “richest” countries and cannot afford or have the education to fix this growing problem. Wheat rust is not only a problem to one part of the world, it is a problem for all. Any farmer can experience it and if it continues to keep growing, we could lose a majority of our wheat crops. Many of these farmers may not know that disease is transported through 5 airborne spores- uredospores, teleutospores, basidiospores, pycnidiospores and aeciospores. In order to save these crops a varietal resistance, like chemical control, needs to take place. But since the poorer countries may not be able to afford it, what should they do to fix this problem? What can we do to educate them on wheat rust? The prices of wheat will increase once we start losing more and more because there is such a high demand for the crop. So how do we stop this from happening? Is there a cheaper way of fixing this so that poorer countries can afford it? I know it wouldn’t be easy or even possible but would moving the wheat plants to a new area help stop it from continuing? -K.P. Somonauk

katiek said...

Wheat rust is something I was completely unaware of because it is not a current issue in the United States. Just because the actually disease is not in the United States doesn't meant is will not effect us. Wheat rust is currently spreading throughout Europe, Africa, and Central Asia. Many of these countries where it is being found are underdeveloped. In these countries wheat is their main food supply and livelihood. Wheat rust can be extremely detrimental for them. Wheat rust has the ability to spread far very easily. That is why we need global collaboration to control this disease. Wheat rust can travel from one country to another. Everyone all around the globe needs to be aware of wheat rust and know how to prevent and control it. If the issue of wheat rust continues to worsen and spread it could greatly effect wheat prices. If many farmers are loosing their crops and the supply is less then the demand, prices will go up. Those prices will effect us in the United States. I believe the most important thing is prevention. We need to find ways to prevent wheat rust and learn how to control it from spreading. We need to teach these practices to all farmers in developed, developing, and underdeveloped countries in order to control this growing problem.
kk-somonauk

pencesam said...

To start, I find it somewhat amazing that wheat can even form rust. It also seems to be majorly effected the crop. I’m curious if this rust can harm any animals or homans consuming these crops with the diasease. I feel as though more economically and techically adavanced countries can better fight off these issues, yet poorer countires won’t be able to keep up with the problem and help fight it off. This would hurt these countries by cutting their exports of their crops, and cause them an economic fall as well. I hope we can find a way to help these countries out. -S.p Somonauk

AC said...

Wheat Rust is happening all around the world in countries including Europe, Africa and Asia. This is concerning because in those areas are developing areas and countries who have yet to figure out the proper way to provide stability in farming techniques. So when they get hit with agricultural problems, such as wheat rust, they do not have the proper techniques to keep moving forward and they lose a crop that is mainly used for food. Developed countries need to come together to help these developing or even undeveloped countries who are experiencing this issue and teach them how to work around the issue so they don't starve. A.C. ~ Somonauk

Cassidy Johnson said...


February 17, 2017-Wheat Rust on the Attack
Wheat rust around the globe. Recently wheat rust has been making a nasty appearance in Europe, Africa, and Asia. In addition to these countries wheat rust often finds its home in developing countries because they lack the technology to perform early detection and preventative action in order to limit major damage to the total wheat yield. This is such a big problem because Wheat is a source of food and livelihoods for over 1 billion people in developing countries. Northern and Eastern Africa, the Near East, and West, Central and South Asia, which are all vulnerable to rust diseases, alone account for 37% of global wheat production. If this wheat rust problem turns into a full fledged epidemic it will wipe out the jobs of several million people and a major food source for potentially the entire world. It is critical to have to have total support and cooperation in the battle against wheat rust because if not contained this disease could eradicate about half of the world's wheat producing countries ability to produce wheat. Moving into the future and the stress of having to feed 9 billion people, all agriculture challenges need to be dealt with in a matter that has support from the entire world. C.R.J-Somonauk

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